Nature & Health

Enjoy nature´s benefits and visit the Călimani – Giurgeu area!

Nature has been generous with this region, offering healing mineral springs, thermal waters and landscapes which invite to relaxation and wellbeing.

In Toplița the Wellness Centre located in Banffy resort offers all clients high quality services in a new location in nature, at the highest standards and minimum fares:

  • A COVERED POOL, with a surface of ca. 400 sqm., with a depth ranging from 1.25 m. to 1.95 m., water´s temperature being of 29-30º C and the ambient temperature 1-2 degrees higher;
  • JACUZZI (hydro massage pool) of ca. 8 sqm. and a temperature of 37-38º C;
  • FITNESS HALL with modern equipment;
  • AN OUTSIDE POOL, with a surface of ca. 200 sqm., with a depth of 1.55 m. to 2.05 m. Water temperature is of 25-26º C;
  • THE WELLNESS CENTRE is equipped with lounge chairs and umbrellas;
  • Towels and bath robes are available for rental on request.

_MG_0574    _MG_0603 

Borsec is well known for its mineral water springs.

Spring no. 10 – Kossuth: with a debit of 17,000 l/day; its water is meant to treat the hypo-acid gastritis, liver diseases, diabetes, arthritis, endocrinal disorders, hepatic-biliary disorders, hypocalcaemia, ulcer;

Spring no. 11 – Petöfi: with a debit of 900-1,000 l/day, it is noted for the carbonated water which contains calcium, magnesium, lithium and sodium, the only spring used in the internal cure to ameliorate ulcers. Therapeutic indications: hyperacid gastritis, hypocalcaemia, insufficient parathyroid.

The Ancient Spring, located on the way to the Ice cave, is the hearth of a spring. It does not have mineral water any more, a mofette being installed here at present.

The Pierre Curie Spring, located at a distance of ca. 1,800 m. of the resort´s centre, it is the spring with the most radioactive mineral water in the resort.

The Osaros mineral water spa, in use since the 27th of October 2012, has a sauna, a massage parlour, a warm water mineral pool and a cold mineral water pool.

Bilbor has circa 700 mineral water springs: at the foot of Mt. Bâtca lie the springs of: Suscai, Hangan, Stan Ion, Dumitru Bici, Ioan Nichitei, Simon Lungu, and at Bilbor´s base the springs of Truța Gh. Raita. To the east of the commune there lies the Albu spring, and to the north the three Vâlcănești springs and Borkut spring. All mineral water springs are rich in carbon dioxide, the spring with the biggest water debit being Șașca spring, with a debit of 800 l/hour.

The mineral water of Tulgheș is rich in iron. Springs with low mineralised water are found also in Subcetate.



Legend has it in these regions the outlaws used to take shelter, the most popular of them being Cristea, of whom they say he would have hidden gold in the caves of Tarnița and Pietrele Roșii, You may have a look at it on the Mt. Tarnița near Toplița.

The Răciciș tarn is a mountain lake, populated with trout, located at the foot of Răciciș Peak, nearby the town of Toplița, at 1,750 m. altitude.


The Toplița waterfall – its waters are thermal, originating in the springs located in Bradul resort. The waterfall may be visited even during winter, because its waters do not freeze. Its special feature is that it always changes appearance. Due to the travertine deposits, a result of the high content of the calcium carbonate in the water.


The Deda –Toplița Defile is a protected area, being included in the site if community importance of the Upper Mureș defile which represents a landscaping area (flood plain forests, beech forests, alder forests, herbaceous species) from eastern Transylvania, on the upper Mureș river, between Călimani and Gurghiu mountains. The fauna in the reserve is diversified, rich in species of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians.

Calimani National Park 



The Călimani Mountains´ highest altitude is of 2,100 m.  – the height of the Pietrosu Călimanului Peak and they are characterised by asymmetry, their form resembling a rectangle with a length of 60 km. on the west-east and a width of 30 km. on the north-south, covering a surface of ca. 2,000 sqkm., occupying areas of the Suceava, Harghita, Mureș and Bistrița-Năsăud counties territories.

You may reach the Călimani National Park setting off from Toplița or Bilbor. The road may be covered by car or on foot on the marked trails. Part of the Park lies on the administrative territory of Toplița and Bilbor. Here there are numerous attractions:

  • The „12 Apostoli” geological reserve which represents a landscape form resembling some statues;
  • Pietrele Roșii – a place with an impressive historical burden of the tripartite border battles;
  • Cetățile Tihului – mountain peaks solitary as the walls of a fortress surprise the tourists who venture here by the beauty and wilderness of the scenery;
  • Cascada Tihu and Cascada Băuca give a special sight and are a relaxation spot on the mountain hikers´ tracks;
  • The „Iezerul Călimanului” natural reserve is a natural dam lake surrounded by subalpine vegetation with juniper and mountain pines, attracts weekly groups of tourists eager for complex experiences;
  • „The nameless town” used to represent a massive building investment meant to hold out the future dynamiting of the sulphur quarry and it worked like any other town in the 70´s – only the school was missing. Nicolae Ceaușescu had a villa in this town, today in ruins. The mining area covers a surface of 374,8 ha. This sulphur quarry is a source of pollution for the environment. The good thing is that a German firm is taking care of cleaning the area. Călimani National Park has been established by Law no. 5/2000 and following the contract signed between the Ministry of the Environment and the National Forests, the Călimani National Park´s Administration was established in 2004, based in Șaru Dornei. The precinct of the old Călimani Mining is an enclave in this park.


In Borsec Poiana Zânelor and the travertine quarry are located at ca. 400 m. to the resort´s centre and form an ensemble of neighbouring sights of a great tourist attraction. Baia zânelor is the place where, according to the legend, the fairies come to bathe. It is the place where a festival dedicated to the Fairies is organised every summer.

Grota urșilor represents an ensemble of deep hollows located at approximately 1,200 m. of the resort´s centre.

Cetatea Bufnițelor, located at approximately 2,500 m. of the resort´s centre, on an abrupt and high slope. There used to be a small lake 150 years ago, in its place being built the first swimming pool. Here you may visit the ruins of a military building from the First World War.

Peștera de gheață is a dark hollow between two separate rocks which formed by erosion in a grotto of the travertine massif. The water infiltrates here and the ice thickens during winter and melts late in spring. The cave has a length of 40 m.

The botanical reserve, a protected area of national interest, is a swampy glade with a surface of 20 sqm. And it represents a protection area for the shrub species of the Betulaceae family known as the dwarf birch ( Betula Nana ), a relic from the Ice Age.

The Scaunul Rotund Natural Reserve is a geological reserve which lies on a surface of 75 hectares and includes the old travertine quarries, the caves and the Ancient Spring.

The „Pârâul Dorneanu” Swamp from Bilbor lies on a territory of circa 3 ha. at an altitude of 910 m., being an important natural reserve, which is always fed by mineral water springs. Besides the peat, there are also calcareous tuffs which contain remains of Ice Age plants like Menyanthes Trifoliata, Salix Repens, Liguaria Sibirica, as well as many other plant relics of the tundra vegetation.

The Narcissus Glade from Corbu – mid May, the narcissus glade comes to life and offers a spectacular scenery.

In Tulgheș you may visit the English Oak Reserve, relic of the post Ice Age , which lies on the western mountainsides with souther exposure of Bistricioara, covering circa 77 ha. and the Pietrele Roșii Natural Reserve on the Pietrele Roșii Mountain, with a surface of 14 ha., which rises north to the commune at an altitude od 1,215 m.


The commune of Subcetate welcomes you every year in May to see the Motley tulip glade, a territory which is part of the natural patrimony.